We are in the midst of the fourth industrial revolution and the current market situation (in spanish: actualidad sobre mercados) is evolving faster than ever. These are the seven most imminent trends that everyone should be preparing for in 2020.
AI as a service
Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the most transformative technological developments of our time. As highlighted in Bernard Marr's book, Artificial Intelligence in Practice, most companies have begun to explore ways to use AI to improve the customer experience and optimize their business operations. This will continue into 2020 and, as people become more accustomed to working with AI, designing and deploying our own AI-based systems will remain an expensive proposition for most companies.
For this reason, a large portion of AI applications will continue to be produced through "as a service" platform providers, allowing us to simply enter our own data and pay for algorithms or computing resources. during use.
These platforms, provided by companies such as Amazon, Google and Microsoft, tend to have a fairly broad scope today, with the custom engineering (often expensive) required to apply them to the specific tasks an organization may require. In 2020, we will see a wider adoption and a growing number of vendors who are likely to begin offering applications and services more suited to specific or specialized tasks. No company will have more excuses for not using AI.
5G Data Networks
The fifth generation of mobile Internet connectivity will allow ultra-fast upload and download speeds, as well as more stable connections. Although 5G mobile data networks were first available in 2019, most were still expensive and could only operate in confined spaces or large cities. It's likely that 2020 will be the year when 5G really begins to develop, with more affordable data plans and improved coverage, which means everyone can enjoy it.
Ultra-fast data networks will not only give us the ability to watch streaming movies and listen to music, with superior quality, even when we're on the move. The significantly higher speeds will make mobile networks more usable than the wired networks operating in our homes and businesses. Companies must consider the business implications of high-speed, stable, anywhere Internet access. The increased bandwidth will allow machines, robots and autonomous vehicles to collect and transfer more data than ever before, leading to advances in the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart machines.
Even if we are not yet at the stage where we can expect to travel regularly in autonomous vehicles, or even see them appear, today's markets (in spanish: actualidad de mercados) will undoubtedly continue to generate great enthusiasm.
Tesla chief Elon Musk said he expects his company to create a truly "complete" autonomous vehicle by the end of the year, and vehicles capable of operating with less autonomy. In addition, other on-board systems not directly related to driving, such as safety and entertainment functions, will become increasingly automated and dependent on data capture and analysis. Google's sister company, Waymo, has just completed a trial of autonomous cabs in California.
Of course, it won't just be cars, road and water transportation will also become increasingly self-sufficient, and developments in this area are likely to continue to make headlines throughout 2020.
With the development of autonomous driving technology, we will also be hearing more and more about the actions taken by regulators, legislators, and policy makers. Changes in laws, existing infrastructure and societal attitudes are likely to be needed before autonomous driving becomes a practical reality for most of us. By 2020, the debate on autonomous driving is likely to spread outside the technological world, with more and more people questioning the idea that the question is not "if" but "when" it will become a reality.
Personalized and Predictive Medicine
Technology is transforming healthcare at an unprecedented pace. Our ability to collect data from portable devices such as smart clocks will allow us to increasingly predict and treat people's health problems before they even develop symptoms.
When it comes to treatment, we will see much more personalized approaches. There is also talk of precision medicine, which will allow doctors to prescribe medications more accurately and apply treatments, thanks to a database that will help them see their probable effectiveness for a specific patient.
Thanks to recent technological advances, especially in the fields of genomics and AI, this idea is not new, but it allows us to better understand how different people's bodies are more or less well equipped to fight specific diseases and whether they are likely to respond to different types of drugs or treatments.
Throughout 2020, we will see new applications of predictive healthcare and the introduction of more personalized and effective treatments to ensure better outcomes for each patient.
In computer terms, "vision" involves systems capable of identifying elements, places, objects or people from visual images, those gathered by a camera or a sensor. It is this technology that allows your smartphone camera to recognize which part of the image it is capturing is a face and feeds technology such as Google Image Search.
In 2020, we will see computer vision tools and technology implemented for an increasing number of uses. This is critical to the way autonomous cars can "see" and manage danger. Production lines will use computer vision cameras to detect defective products or equipment failures, and security cameras will be able to alert us to anything out of the ordinary, without requiring 24/7 surveillance.
Computer vision also enables facial recognition, which we will hear a lot about in 2020. We have already seen how technology can control access to our smart phones in the case of Apple FaceID and how the airport from Dubai uses it to provide the customer with a more peaceful journey. However, as use cases increase in 2020, there will also be a growing debate about limiting the use of this technology due to potential privacy risks and the possibility of 'Big Brother-like' state control.
Extended reality (Extended Reality, or XR) is a broad term that covers several new and emerging technologies that are used to create more immersive digital experiences. More specifically, it refers to virtual, augmented and mixed reality. Virtual reality (VR or VR) offers an all-digital immersive experience in which you enter a computer-generated world, using headphones that blend with the real world. Augmented reality (AR) overlays digital objects in the real world through smartphone screens (think Snapchat filters). Mixed reality (or MR) is an extension of AR, which means that users can interact with digital objects placed in the real world (imagine you are playing on a holographic piano that you have placed in your room through AR headsets).
These technologies have been around for a few years, but are largely limited to the entertainment world, with the Oculus Rift and Vive headsets now providing cutting-edge video game technology and smartphone features such as camera filters and Pokemon Go style games, being the most visible examples of AR.
From 2020, all this should change as companies take advantage of all the exciting possibilities offered by today's two forms of extended reality (XR). Virtual and augmented reality will be used increasingly for training and simulation, while offering new ways to interact with customers.
Technology is at a high and evolving point and the best thing to do is to be informed so watching news about technology markets (in spanish: noticias sobre mercados tecnológicos) is the option you should take.