Corticosteroids, the medicines are artificial or we can say the human made version of natural steroids that are present in our body. Steroids are now available in various forms out of which today we will discuss the tablet type that means steroid that be taken by mouth or orally, these are known as oral steroids. You can easily buy oral steroids online and by shop also, along with this you may find it in various forms such as cream, inhalers, ointment, or drops. This article is prepared to provide you a detailed look of oral steroids. So, let’s start with what actually the oral steroids are -
What are oral steroids?
Steroids which are also called cortisone or corticosteroids are chemical substances (hormones) that arise normally in the body of every human being. Steroids reduce inflammation, suppress the frame's immune system, block DNA from being prepared, in addition to blockading a chemical known as histamine (produced at the time of an allergic reaction). Human made steroid medicines are similar to those naturally formed hormones in the body. Steroids medicines are prepared to treat the conditions of corticosteroids. These are completely different from the steroids that are used by athletes and bodybuilders. You can buy oral steroids in the form of tablets, sometimes soluble tablets, liquids and solutions.
Different types of Oral Steroids
Well, you will find a numerous of oral steroids but the most common group is glucocorticoids. The below steroids are involved in this group -
Along with this, the other which is generally used is mineralocorticoids. This form of steroid is helpful in situations where someone’s body is not able to produce steroids naturally. In this group, the most prescribed steroid is fludrocortisone.
Usually you will find this in the form of tablets or solutions. .
Why are oral steroids prescribed?
For treating a variety of conditions, oral steroids are prescribed. Some of these includes :
- Inflammatory bowel illnesses (for instance, Crohn's disease).
- Autoimmune illnesses involve systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
- Joint and muscle illnesses (such as, rheumatoid arthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica).
- Allergies or infection.
- Problem of Asthma.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Sometimes oral steroids are used to treat some serious cancer also. In addition they may be prescribed as a substitute remedy for human beings to those who are facing an issue of lack of natural steroids such as in the case of Addison's disease or hypopituitarism.
What is the dose?
This is hard to say as each steroid is different and needs to be taken in a different manner or quantity. S when you buy oral steroids,make sure it is prescribed by the doctor. It also depends on the medical condition for which these drugs are prescribed. For brief courses, generally, a comparatively large or high dose is prescribed on a daily basis, for some days or for a few weeks or so. And then the dosage stops abruptly after the end of the course. If these drugs are taken for more than three weeks then the dosage will have to reduce gradually. .
For the ones who've to take steroids for a longer period of time, the most common remedy plan is to ingest an excessive or high dose initially to control signs and symptoms. Often, in the later days, the dose is gradually decreased to a lower daily dose that continues to keep signs and symptoms away. The duration of remedy can vary, depending on the medical condition and type of disease. Sometimes the steroid remedy is gradually stopped in case the medical condition improves. However, there are many cases in which oral steroids are required for life as some diseases are chronic and their symptoms are recurring. So in order to maintain the well being the patient may need to take these drugs for life. Also in some cases, the symptoms and signs return when the medication stops, so again in this condition, the patient has to take oral steroids life long.
When should you take it?
Well, you can receive a better answer for this by discussing your issue with a medical professional. Also, it depends on what type of steroid you are taking. In general, doctors prescribed steroids in the morning as a first thing but this doesn’t mean to take an empty stomach, these are prescribed with food.
Is there any harm in taking steroids?
If you are taking a short course of it then you will not face any side effects such as to treat the severe condition of asthma, a short course of one or two weeks is prescribed by the doctor. This usually does not show any consequences.
But in case if someone is taking a long course of steroids meaning a course of more than 3 months or if someone is taking the short courses for a continuous duration then he or she can get the side effects.
This is just a simple thing, if someone is taking higher doses then the risk of facing side effects increases. Because of this reason, after checking your condition, your doctor will always prescribe you with the lowest possible doses that have minimum or no side effects. Even this is not correct for all the cases, for extreme conditions you might be prescribed with some higher doses.
When should one avoid oral corticosteroids?
Not everyone can take oral corticosteroids. Only human beings who've extreme infections (and aren't taking remedy for the infection) should avoid taking oral steroids. This is due to the fact that steroids suppress your immune system.
Steroids are used with caution when:
- Patients have a liver which isn't operating well.
- Patients have had records of mental health problems or depression.
- If someone has open wounds that are healing because Steroids can intrude with wound healing and recovery.
- Someone has a history of ulcers in their stomach or duodenal ulcers as steroids may worsen the condition.
- Patients have osteoporosis that is thinning of the bones.
- If they have cataracts.
- If they have diabetes.
- When patients have conditions like epilepsy.
- If they have heart conditions and/or have recently had a heart attack or high blood pressure issues.